Cannabidiol, CBD, entourage effect, tetrahydrocannabinol, THC. If you're new to the world of CBD you may have come across many words and phrases just like these. Feeling a little overwhelmed? That's exactly why we created a CBD glossary. Read on for our beginner's guide to 9 of the most common CBD terms and what they mean.
This CBD glossary covers the most essential and most commonly used terms and phrases to help you discover more about cannabidiol - also known as CBD - and CBD products.
1. Most important of all - what is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, also known as cannabis Sativa. This is the main compound found in CBD products such as CBD oil, CBD tinctures, CBD capsules, or CBD creams. These products are used by many due to the valuable properties of CBD. Users of CBD might consume or apply CBD products for a variety of different reasons. These may include, for example, helping promote feelings of calm, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, or supporting discomfort in the body.
One of the most important things to note about cannabidiol (CBD) is that it is not psychoactive. The CBD that is used in CBD products is usually derived from industrial hemp.
Interested in trying out CBD products? Read our post on 9 things you should know when buying CBD products.
And don't forget to check out our range of premium CBD products that includes CBD oil, CBD wellness capsules, and CBD cream.
2. What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the general term for the chemical compounds found in cannabis. Cannabinoids are substances that join the cannabinoid receptors in the human body and brain.
There are thought to be many different cannabinoids that exist in the cannabis plant. However, the two main types of these naturally occurring compounds are CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). These are probably also the ones that most people are already familiar with.
3. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol
You may have already heard of THC, another naturally occurring compound produced by cannabis plants. Like CBD, THC is also a cannabinoid. However, unlike its non-psychoactive cousin, CBD, tetrahydrocannabinol (aka THC or THC delta 9) is a cannabinoid that is thought to be psychoactive.
If you're looking to try out a CBD product, it's important to double-check that the product contains no more than 0.3% THC.
4. How about hemp?
The terms hemp and cannabis Sativa are sometimes used interchangeably. However, they are not the same thing. Hemp is, in fact, a specific strain of the cannabis plant. The majority of CBD that is found in CBD products is derived from industrial hemp. However, there are many other uses for hemp and there are a number of products that contain hemp fibers, hemp oil, or hemp powder.
Hemp protein, for example, has become an increasingly popular choice for athletes and sports enthusiasts. This protein is derived from hemp, has a pleasant, slightly nutty flavor, and is high in omega 3 fatty acids. If you're interested in hemp protein, it's generally best to choose an organic option. Hemp can also be used to make clothes! This plant material can be found in textiles thanks to the multipurpose use of hemp fibers.
5. What is the endocannabinoid system?
The endocannabinoid system is a pretty complicated system in the body, so we'll try to explain it in as simple a way as possible. Researchers have been trying to find out more about endocannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system since the 1990s. So far they suggest that it is connected to many functions in the human body including sleep, mood, and appetite. They also note that the endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is a system that exists in the body with or without compounds found in cannabis plants.
According to recent studies, endocannabinoids are already naturally produced by the body. These molecules bind to endocannabinoid receptors and send signals that produce different effects. The studies claim that the two main types of receptors are CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are mostly located in the central nervous system whereas CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system.
6. Let's talk terpenes
Terpenes are compounds that are found in many different plants. These are the compounds that lend plants their specific aroma and distinct flavor. Aside from the cannabis plant, terpenes can also be found in pine, lavender, and orange peel. Terpenes are found in some CBD products, for example, broad-spectrum CBD.
7. Broad-Spectrum CBD
You might have seen the term "broad-spectrum" on the label of CBD oils, capsules, or creams. What this essentially refers to is the type of CBD that is found in the product. Broad-spectrum CBD contains other compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids in addition to CBD. It's important to note though that the compound THC has been removed so this type of CBD does not contain THC. It's still a good idea to check that these products contain less than 0.3% THC.
8. Explaining the "entourage effect"
This is another commonly used term when it comes to talking about CBD. The “entourage effect” basically refers to the way that different compounds in CBD complement each other so they can work together in harmony. Some believe that the compounds are able to produce a greater effect when they are working together than when they are isolated. If they are isolated, they essentially would be working separately and producing separate results. Many proponents of CBD believe that whole plant extracts are more effective than ones that are isolated. This is why some people think that CBD isolate is less effective than broad-spectrum CBD, for example.
9. Certificate of Analysis (COA)
When you buy a CBD product, it's important to choose a brand that uses third-party lab testing. Because natural supplements are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), this testing helps to ensure that the product contains less than 0.3% THC. It is also helpful in determining which products are of higher quality than others as third-party lab-tested products are also generally checked for things like heavy metals. A certificate of analysis, or COA, is a report that shows that a CBD product has been third-party lab-tested.
Please note that these statements have not been approved by the FDA. The products referred to in this article are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or medical condition.
All the best,